Southbury Taekwon-do SOUTHBURY​ TAEKWON-DO Taekwon-do International
A PART OF THE SOUTHBURY COMMUNITY FOR OVER 30 YEARS
(860) 880-0034 • info@SouthburyTKD.com

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Terminology

Much of Taekwondo is communicated in both English and in the Korean language. By using both languages, we establish a standard so that Taekwon-do students can visit any Do-jang in the world and understand what is said.

Counting in Korean

English TermKorean Term
Zero Yeong"yohng"
One HaNa"ha na"
Two Dhul "dool"
Three Set "seht"
Four Net "neht"
Five Da-seot "dah soot"
Six Yeo-seot "yah soot"
Seven Il-gub "eel goob"
Eight Yeo-deol "yah dool"
Nine AHhop "ah hope"
   
Ten Yeol "yohl"
Eleven Yeol HaNa "yohl ha na"
Twelve Yeol Dhul "yohl dool"
Thirteen Yeol Set "yohl seht"
Fourteen Yeol Net "yohl neht"
Fifteen Yeol Da-seot "yohl dah soot"
Sixteen Yeol Yeo-seot "yohl yah soot"
Seventeen Yeol Il-gub "yohl eel goob"
Eighteen Yeol Yeo-deol "yohl yah dool"
Nineteen Yeol AHhop "yohl ah hope"
   
Twenty Soo mul
Twenty-One Soo mul HaNa
Twenty-Two Soo mul Dhul
Twenty-Three Soo mul Set
Twenty-Four Soo mul Net
Twenty-Five Soo mul Da-seot
Twenty-Six Soo mul Yeo-seot
Twenty-Seven Soo mul Il-gub
Twenty-Eight Soo mul Yeo-deol
Twenty-Nine Soo mul AHhop
   
Thirty Serun
Forty Ma hun
Fifty O ship
Sixty Yuk ship
Seventy Chil
Eighty Pal
Ninety Gu
One Hundred Bek
   
1st Il
2nd Ee
3rd Sum
4th Sah
5th Oh
6th Yook
7th Ch'ill
8th P'al
9th Ku
10th Sip
11th Sip Il
:  
20th Ee-sip
21st Ee-sip il
:  
30th Sam-sip
31st Sam-sip il
:  
40th Sah-sip
50th Oh-sip
60th Yook-sip
70th Chil-sip
80th Pal-sip
90th Koo-sip
100th Il-bak

Common Commands

English TermKorean Term 
AttentionCharyot"chair‐E-­ut"
BowKyung-nae"ko-ung-yea"
ContinueKyesok"ka-yee-sock"
FinishGoman"ghu-mon"
ReadyJoonbi"june-bee"
RestSwiyo"shio"
ReturnParu"pah-row"
SitAhn Jo"Ahn-Joe"
StartSi Jak"See-jock"
StopJung Ji"Joong-Gee"
TurnTora"tor-ah"

General Terminology

English TermKorean Term 
BlockMak-gi"mock-ghē"
DegreeDan"don"
Form or PatternTul"tool"
GradeKup"goop"
KickChagi"cha-ghē"
MartialMusul"Moo-soolh"
PunchJirugi"jer-u-ghē"
Self DefenseHo Shin Sool"ho-sin-soohl"
StanceSogi"so-ghē"
StrikeChigi"chee-ghē"
StartSi Jak"see jock"
TechniqueGisul"Gee-Soolh"
ThrustJji-leu-gi"Jee-loo-ghē"
Training HallDojang"doh jang"
UniformDo Bok"doh bahk"
YellKihap or Kiai"key-eye"

Body Parts

English TermKorean Term 
Arc-Hand Bandalson
ArmPal
BackfistDung Joomuk
ElbowPalkup
EyeNoon
FingertipSonkut
FistJoomuk
FootBahl
Forearm Palmok
Forefist Ap Joomuk
Head Bok
KneeMoorup
KnifehandSonkal
LegDa Ri
Palm Sonbadak
Reverse KnifehandSonkal Dung
Side Fist Yop Joomuk

Courtesy Terms and Phrases

English TermKorean Term 
Hiannyeonghaseyo"ahn-nyung-ha-se-yo"
InstructorSabum-nim"sah­‐boom-nihm"
MadamManim"Mah-nim"
MasterSeogsa"Sohg-sah"
PleaseBudi"Boo-Dee"
SirGyeong"Geyong"
StudentHagsaeng"Hahg-Sin"
Thank YouKamsahamnida"Kam Saham Nee Dah"
You're WelcomeCheonman-eyo"Chee-on-mahn-e-ah"

Directional Adjectives

English TermKorean Term 
BackDwitBack Kick is "Dwee Chagi"
DownwardNaeryo"Naeryo Chagi" is often (unofficially) referred to as an "Ax Kick"
FrontApFront Kick is "Ap Chagi"
HighNopundeOlgul Makgi is "High Block"
InnerAnAn-Sonmok Bakkat Makgi translates as inner-wrist outside-block.
InwardAnuro Inward Stance is ANURO SEOGI
LeftWenLeft Stance is WEN SEOGI
LowNajundeArae Makgi is a "Low Block"
MiddleKaundeMomtong Makgi is a "Middle Block"
ObverseBaroBaro Jirugi is an "Obverse Punch"
OuterBakeuro
Reverse or OppositeBandae Bandea Jirugi is an "Reverse Punch"
RightOranRight Stance is ORAN SEOGI
SideYeopYeop Chagi literally translates as Side Kick
VerticalSewo Vertical Stance is SEWO SEOGI

Lines and Levels of the Body

HighNopundeHead level
MiddleKaundeFrom waist level to shoulder level, typically at solar plexus
LowNajundeWaist level and below
Myongchi SonCenter Line
Kasum SonChest Line
Eukke SonShoulder Line


            "When your temper rises, lower your fists. When your fists rise, lower your temper." - Chojun Miyagi

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